PRODUCTS TO AVOID:
for the oceans, for your health
SHARK FIN SOUP
SHARK TOOTH/ SKIN JEWELLERY
SHARK FIN SOUP
For obvious reasons this dish should be avoided all together, and the restaurants that serve it should be avoided also. Many shark fins are imported into Australia, they could be protected species illegally killed, they could also be from countries where shark finning is not illegal, or finned illegally. There is little regulation on the shark fin trade, and supporting this dish in today’s modern society is nothing more than animal cruelty hidden behind a menu.
Note that many restaurants will try and tell you that the shark fins are not real- but it is dishonorable and illegal to state it is shark fin in the menu if it is actually a fake form of shark fin, so it is real shark fin unless specified otherswise in the menu despite their best efforts to inform you otherwise. If you do go to a restaurant and see it on the menu, get up and walk out! Fell free to make a scene, politly inform the manager why you wont be eating at the restaurant, you would be amazed how much of an impact this can have.
may also be called;
Cartilage de Requin
Cartilage de Requin du Pacifique
Cartilago de Tiburon
Extrait de Cartilage de Requin
Liquide de Cartilage Marin
Marine Liquid Cartilage
Pacific Shark Cartilage
Poudre de Cartilage de Requin
Shark Cartilage Powder
Shark Cartilage Extract
WHY: Shark cartilage used for medicine comes primarily from sharks caught in the Pacific Ocean. The harvesting of shark cartilage is another driving force of the decimation of shark populations, putting pressure on this finite species for reasons with no medical validity.
The effectiveness ratings for SHARK CARTILAGE are as follows:
(notice there is no research in its favor at all)
Likely ineffective for...
Advanced, previously treated cancers of the breast,
and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
(However, studies of shark cartilage in people with less advanced cancer have not been published. )
Insufficient evidence to rate effectiveness for...Kidney cancer
The dangers of cartilage;
Shark cartilage is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken appropriately by mouth for up to 40 months or applied to the skin for up to eight weeks. It can cause
a bad taste in the mouth,
low blood pressure,
high blood sugar,
high calcium levels,
Some products have an unpleasant odor and taste.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of shark cartilage during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Copyright © 1995 - 2013 Therapeutic Research Faculty, publishers of Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database.
Scientists at the University of Miami analyzed cartilage samples collected from seven species of sharks off the coast of Florida. The specimens all contained high levels of a compound called beta-methylamino-L-alanine, or BMAA, which has been linked to the development of neurodegenerative disease.
Does it stop cancer?
Purely because shark do not get caner and have this cartilage bone structure, it was assumed they did not get cancer. Shark cartilage, which has been hyped as a cancer preventive and joint-health supplement, may contain a neurotoxin that has been linked with Alzheimer’s and Lou Gehrig’s disease. The truth is, sharks have an ECM, or ‘extracellular matrix’, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is the extracellular part of animal tissue that usually provides structural support to the animal cells in addition to performing various other important functions. The extracellular matrix is the defining feature of connective tissue in animals. Due to the presence of the ECM within shark cartiledge, it is belived the consumption of cartilage will give the same properties to humans, however sharks do get cancer, the ECM only acts to make the formation of cancer more difficult within the sharks body, and no proof that ingesting the substance assist in preventing human cancers.
Shark-based squalene is commonly sold as ‘health’ capsuels and used by many consumer product and cosmetic brands you are no doubt familiar with. This year, many have vowed to discontinue their usage of the shark-based squalene, including Ponds, Boots, Dove, Sunsilk, Vaseline, L'Oreal, Lancome, Soft & Dri, Clarins, Sisley and La Mer, which ought to give you a good understanding of how prevalent its use really is. Squalene is also said to be effective in treating colds, flu, chronic infections, asthma, psoriasis, arthritis, tumors and cancers however the American Cancer Society states that there is currently little to no scientific evidence to support these claims.
Despute having many other healthier and cheaper vegetable based sources- Squalene is typically derived from the liver of deep-sea sharks, since these sharks have especially large reserves of squalene, however it is estimated that it takes 3,000 sharks to make just 1 ton of Squalene. That means to satisfy the annual global demand of 1,000-2,000 tons of the squalene as many as 6 million deep-sea sharks must be harvested for their livers. The excessive targeting of these sharks has assisted in driving world shark populations below ten percent of what they were in 1950. Deep sea shark simply can’t recover fast enough from these current fishing activities.
The European Union has responded by moving to phase out targeted deep-sea shark fisheries. In south-east Australia, fishing regulations and fishery closures have been introduced in a desperate attempt to protect Australia's remaining vulnerable deep-water sharks however the livers of many species are still being legally harvested.
Squalene aka, shark liver oil has been found to contain traces of the cancer-causing toxins.
Risks from moderate doses of squalene may include
elevated blood cholesterol levels,
and other digestive problems.
Taking excessive doses of squalene carries with it a risks of increased bleeding, and may actually elevate the risk of stroke.
BEWARS OF SQUALENE IN YOUR MAKE UP: look for the plant alternative 'SQUALANE'
Napoleon openly and proudl advertising shark live oil in its libstick as part of the 'mouisturising comibination'
Shark teeth necklaces: if you do not know the source, just don’t risk it.
Always be on high alert to the fact that even places like Melbourne aquarium once sold the teeth of critically endangered grey nurse sharks (which they have on display) from overseas fisheries.
Sting ray skin bracelets and shoes- yes, these exist.
Shark bone necklaces
You never know the true source and by partaking in the purchase of these products you could be directly supporting illegal, or legal yet unsuitable fisheries. Just remember, businesses do not wait for the sharks to die to collect their parts.
shark skin strap watch
Necklace with shark catiladge.
In the United States, sales of fish oil, commonly sold as the nutritional supplement omega-3 fatty acids, reach about $1 billion a year. Touted for its ability to do just about everything but leap tall buildings, fish oil has become one of the trendiest supplements out there. Although there is evidence that fish oil is helpful in treating some conditions, there is much more about the oil that can’t be proven. Fish oil comes with a disconcerting list of potential toxins, side effects and sustainability issues. We generally don’t consider the impact of side effects with our nutritional supplements, you know, the things we take to make us healthier.
But fish oil offers side effects in spades.
fat in the stool
short-term memory loss
increased risk of colon cancer
worsening of asthma symptoms
decreased physical activity
increased blood pressure
There are rare reports of mania in patients with bipolar disorder or major depression. Restlessness and formication (the sensation of ants crawling on the skin) have been reported. Fish oil taken for many months may cause a deficiency of vitamin E and may increase the risk of vitamin A or D toxicity.
Omega-3 fatty acids may increase blood sugar levels. Caution is advised in patients with diabetes or hypoglycemia, and for those taking drugs, herbs, or supplements that affect blood sugar. Blood glucose levels may need to be monitored by a qualified healthcare professional, including a pharmacist.
Omega-3 fatty acids may increase low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, may worsen symptoms for patients with ventricular tachycardia, may increase the risk of bleeding, and may decrease blood pressure.
Individuals at risk for hormone imbalance or those undergoing hormone replacement therapy should use cautiously, as decreased estrogen receptor production has been associated with fish oil supplementation.
Patients with asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, or liver disease, and patients at risk for colon cancer should use cautiously, based on potential adverse effects associated with fish oil use.
Although the good omega-3s reside in the fatty tissue of fish, that is also the very place where environmental contaminates bioaccumulate, which means that oil derived from these tissues may contain high concentrations of environmental contaminants. Heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury and other toxic compounds that bioaccumulate in fish like Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
FISH OIL GOES RANCID WHILE FOR SALE:
According to Dr. Michael Eades, fish oil capsules contain highly unsaturated DHA and EPA. Unfortunately, the less saturated an oil is, the more unstable it is and the more quickly it degrades. In fact, it is one of the reasons fish goes bad so quickly. Just how many of the fish oil capsules on the market are rancid? You might be surprised (and a little disgusted). Researchers at New Zealand’s Crop and Food Research Institute tested capsules from an array of brands from countries all over the world and discovered that a majority of the capsules they tested had begun to oxidize. According to the researchers, not only will oxidized fish oils not benefit takers, but they may actually cause harm. Health risks associated with rancid fish oil include increased risk of atherosclerosis and thrombosis (in other words, hardening of the arteries and increased blood clotting.) Given that people take omega-3s for the opposite effect, this is a terrible finding!
THE SOURCE OF FISH OIL:
The fish oil for fish oil supplements is typically extracted from the head and meat scraps of farmed fish, according to Elisabeth Rosenthal of the New York Times. This is a problem, as the fish-farming industry, say environmentalists, is rife with practices that are detrimental to both human and environmental health. Perhaps the biggest problem is that fish farms feed fish meal or smaller fish to their stock. According to the Times’ Beth Gardiner, for every pound of fish produced, as much as several pounds of wild fish are consumed. That means fish farming does not preserve wild fish populations, as the industry asserts; rather it depletes them. Escapes from fish hatcheries, which, Gardiner writes, are common, are also catastrophic for wild populations because the escaped fish compete with local species. Even if the fish themselves don’t escape, their waste certainly does. In order to combat disease, fish raisers fill cages with significant amounts of antibiotics, which are later washed away into the sea. Mercury contamination is also spread from farmed populations to wild ones. And young wild salmon contract sea lice when passing the cages of their larger and less vulnerable farm-bred kin, with devastating results for the wild population.
ALTERNATIVES: flax seed, chia seeds, hemp seeds, and sesame seeds — and particularly their oils.
I used to eat tuna religiously, lunch was as simple as cracking open a can of tuna and it seemed so healthy. It was the first thing out many things I gave up forever, about 2 years before giving up fish, and 3 before becoming vegan, I stopped eating tuna. I stopped the day research on the Great Barrier Reef shark fishery lead me to a document saying that in one year alone, 14,000 sharks made up the bycatch of a Tuna fishery in the coral sea alone. I was not about to support ANYTHING responsible for killing a shark. In addition to this, tuna is a beautiful and highly evolved predator of our temperate and tropical oceans, we no longer live in a world where these kinds of animals should be availbale for our consumption due to their importance and the threats they are facing. Tuna is the name for a group of different tuna species that are a member of the fish family Scombridae. They range in size from the smaller skipjack which rarely exceed 90 cm in lenght, to the northern bluefin tuna, the world's largest living bony fish that can reach a lenght of over 3 meters and weigh over hadlf a ton. They roam long distances, following north-south and even transoceanic migration patterns. Tuna species are very fast swimmers, with speeds that can reach up to 70km/h, achieving this by having oxygen rich blood they can heat the same way a Great White shark does.
THE PROBLEM WITH TUNA…?
In simple terms- catching just tuna is impossible, it always involves the death of multiple non target animals or ‘Bycatch’ which refers to non-target or non-fish species caught by any method of fishing. And just incase you though ‘dolphin friendly tuna’ mean no dolphin were hurt, that is a label that can be earnt by tuna companies if they catch under a certain number of dolphin during the tuna fishing process.
“JOHN WEST TUNA: For every 9kg of tuna caught using this fishing method, an extra 1kg is 'bycatch' like sharks, rays, baby tuna and turtles....”
Skipjack tuna, the main supply of the canned market, are in general heatlhy due to its resilient biology, although the lack of effective management and an increasing number of vessels catching this species means that the status of the Skipjack tuna stock can easily slip into a bad state. Unfortunately, Albacore, Yellowfin and Bigeye are further down the slippery slope of depletion if adequate management measures are not rapidly put in place. for example, Yellowfin and Albacore species are all currently being overfished in the Indian ocean. Whilst for Bluefin tuna, overfishing has almost led to its extinction. Because of their high market value, tuna are amongst the "most wanted" fish for those fishing illegally.
One of the biggest problems of tuna overfishing is ineffective management.
Despite the existence of numerous regional fisheries management organizations (RFMO´s) as mandated by the UN Fishing Agreements, none of them regulates high seas tuna fisheries in a sustainable way. In addition, too many boats chasing too few fish affects all RFMO´s managed tuna fisheries, resulting in the “race to fish” behaviour, undermining efforts to improve management and driving excessive fishing effort.Tuna are fished in over 70 countries worldwide and marketed in fresh, frozen or canned form. Tuna were once a low value substitute for other fish such as salmon and sardines. But since the 1960s, this situation has drastically changed. World tuna catches have been increasing constantly and rapidly with world canned (processed) tuna incrementing from 200,000 tonnes in the 1970s to more then 1 million tonnes only 10 years ago. New gear technologies such as purse seine nets, a predominant fishing gear, are responsible for 70 percent of the world tuna catches with more than 4 million tonnes catches annually. The Western and Central Pacific Ocean supports the largest tuna fishery of the world. More than 2.3 million tonnes of tuna, or 53 percent of the world production were caught there over the last years. An estimated 300,000 cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) also die as bycatch each year, because they are unable to escape when caught in nets. Birds dive for the bait planted on long fishing lines, swallow it (hook included) and are pulled underwater and drowned. Longline fisheries kill around 100,000 albatrosses every year and because of this, many species are facing extinction. The Coral Sea is not immune from industrial scale fishing. Longline vessels have operated in the area since the 1950's. The target species are tuna (bigeye, yellowfin and albacore), swordfish and striped marlin. Bigeye tuna is classified as overfished and subject to overfishing by the Australian government and is listed as vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN Red List of threatened species. Overfishing of Yellowfin tuna is occurring in the western equatorial region of the Pacific Ocean. Vessels are also allowed to return with 20 sharks per trip, resulting in over 100 tonnes of shark being taken each year from the Coral Sea as longline "bycatch".
HEALTH ISSUES WITH TUNA
Mercury is a naturally occurring element that is found in air, water and food. Most people are exposed to mercury via food. Fish take up mercury from streams and oceans as they feed. Food processing, preparation and cooking techniques don’t reduce the amount of mercury in fish. Tuna is among the highest mercury containing fish- why? Because they are big fish, and the bigger and older and more dominate of a predator fish you are, the more little fish you eat, and the more mercury you contain. Mercury doesn’t leave the body; the more tuna you eat; the more you get.
Tuna fisheries produced an estimated 20mt of dry shark fins in 1999, predominantly from blue sharks. More than 50,000 individuals were caught in that year.